Court is the highest court in the United States.
Court hears cases that have made their way through the court
system. Of the more than 7,500 cases that are sent to the Supreme
Court each year, only about 80 to 100 cases are actually accepted.
Supreme Court makes a decision, it can only be changed by another
Supreme Court decision or by amending (changing) the Constitution.
This is a very important power that can affect the lives of
many people. Also, since the main power of the Supreme Court
is to decide cases that challenge the Constitution, the Court
must decide if the case they receive really challenges the
Court is made up of nine Justices. One of these is the Chief
Justice. They are appointed by the President and must be approved
by the Senate. Justices have their jobs for life, unless they
resign, retire, or are impeached by the House and convicted
by the Senate (the removal process as described by the Constitution).
no requirements in order to be appointed a Justice, but all
have been trained in the law. Many Justices served as members
of Congress, governors, or members of the President's Cabinet.
Legal System is based on English common law; has judicial review
of legislative acts; and accepts compulsory International Court
of Justice jurisdiction, with reservations.