United States Government
of the United States of America
is the head of the executive branch and plays a large role
in making America’s laws. His job is to approve the laws
that Congress creates. When the Senate and the House approve
a bill, they send it to the President. If he agrees with the
law, he signs it and the law goes into effect.
If the President
does not like a bill, he can refuse to sign it. When he does
this, it is called a veto. If the President vetoes a bill,
it will most likely never become a law. Congress can override
a veto, but to do so two-thirds of the Members of Congress
must vote against the President.
of his power, the President cannot write bills. He can propose
a bill, but a member of Congress must submit it for him.
to playing a key role in the lawmaking process, the President
has several duties. He serves as the American Head of State,
meaning that he meets with the leaders of other countries and
can make treaties with them. However, the Senate must approve
any treaty before it becomes official.
is also the Chief of the Government. That means that he is
technically the boss of every government worker.
President is the official head of the U.S. military. He can
authorize the use of troops overseas without declaring war.
To officially declare war, though, he must get the approval
of the Congress.
and the Vice-President are the only officials chosen by the
entire country. Not just anyone can be President, though. In
order to be elected, one must be at least 35 years old. Also,
each candidate must be a natural-born U.S. citizen and have
lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. When elected, the
President serves a term of four years. The most one President
can serve is two terms, for a total of eight years.
the President could serve for as many terms as he wanted. However,
no one had tried. After two terms as President, George Washington
chose not to run again. All other Presidents followed his example
until Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt successfully ran for
office four times. Early in his fourth term, he died, in 1945.
Six years later, Congress passed the 22nd Amendment, which
limits Presidents to two terms.